The Price Look-up Project: PLU I, PLU II, PLU III, PLU IV
Stickers on fruits and vegetables are officially known as PLUs or price look-up codes. Initially, in the 1990s, they contained bar codes only to facilitate inventory control. Soon, logos and URLs were added. A PLU code now turns a banana or a lettuce head into a “value-added vegetable product.” The 1400 PLU codes in circulation around the world today symbolize the globalization and the commercialization of basic food commodities. A simple piece of fruit is now a brand. Is this a good thing? nh
PLU III – Still happy?
la Orana Maria, 1891 (detail)
Paul Gauguin (1848–1903)
Oil on canvas 113.7 cm x 87.6 cm
Bequest of Sam A. Lewisohn, 1951
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, NY, NY, says on its website: “Gauguin […] describing la Orana Maria in a letter of March 1892: ‘An angel with yellow wings reveals Mary and Jesus, both Tahitians, to two Tahitian women […] with bananas on the left. I’m rather happy with it.'” Concept copyright 2017 © by Nandy Heule. Trademark PLU code ™Chiquita.
Ia Orana Maria, 1891 (detail)
And here are Adam and Eve, 1526 (detail):
Lucas Cranach the Elder
Medium: Oil on panel, 117cm x 80 cm
© The Samuel Courtauld Trust, The Courtauld Gallery, London
My family was introduced to stone fruit when my Oom Hans, a Unilever executive working in Brazil, brought home some Onyx items for his sister, then living in Holland. After my parents emigrated to Michigan, USA, mom continued to collect enough stone fruit to fill a large bowl. (Thanks for letting me borrow them, Mom!) I bought a tiny set of purple gemstone grapes when visiting my paternal aunt Tante Jet who lives in Argentina.
Onyx was used in ancient Egypt and also known by the Greeks and Romans. It’s frequently mentioned in the Bible. More recently, stone fruit carved from marble, not gemstones, became popular in the Victorian era. Introduced around 1900 in America, stone fruit reached its peak in popularity in the domesticated 1950s. Now, it’s mostly tourist ware available in countries where gemstones are mined, including Brazil, Argentina and Mexico.
And here are some more photo: Presentation1
PLU II: Who wins?
Mixed media. Banana, bamboo stick, thread, PLU code. Music credit: re-mix Pyotr Tchaikovsky, Erik Satie. Copyright © 2017 by Nandy Heule
PLU codes are a simple but powerful example of capitalism’s unrelenting attempt to categorize life itself into marketable entities we can label, price, and enter into consumer supply chains. As demonstrated by this video, PLU codes outlast the food they claim by a long shot. PLU II intends to humorously critique the capitalist commercialization of food, art, and just about anything else that sustains the mind, body and soul. (And, for the record, a young friend of mine recently sent me some pictures to show how his beautiful, dark compost pile was littered with little PLU code stickers.)
PLU I: Sticker doll
Mixed media. Cloth, pre-fabricated mannequin doll on wood stand. PLU codes (collected in 2012-2013 in Canada, England, The Netherlands), kitchen plastic wrap, kitchen foil, buttons.
Copyright © 2016 by Nandy Heule
Initially, I used my microwave to display my growing fruit sticker collection. When it broke down (unrelated to the PLUs), Sticker Doll was born. The mannequin intends to enforce the commercialization of food into branded products. The mannequin is covered in plastic wrap to preserve the stickers.